The Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India. It is of immense importance to the culture of the Indian subcontinent, and is a major text of Hinduism. Its discussion of human goals artha or ‘purpose’, kama or ‘pleasure’, dharma or ‘duty’, and moksha or ‘liberation’ takes place in a long-standing tradition, attempting to explain the relationship of the individual to society and the world, the nature of the ‘Self’, and the workings of karma.
Ismeretlen szerző - The Ramayana
One of India's greatest epics, the Ramayana pervades the country's moral and cultural consciousness. Believed to have been composed by Valmiki sometime between the eighth and sixth centuries BC, the Ramayana tells the tragic and magical story of Rama, the prince of Ayodhya, an incarnation of Lord Visnu, born to rid the earth of the terrible demon Ravana. An idealized heroic tale, the Ramayana is also an intensely personal story of family relationships, love and loss, duty and honour, of harem intrigue, petty jealousies and destructive ambitions - all this played out in a universe populated by larger-than-life humans, gods, wondrous animals and terrifying demons.
Virgil - Doomed Love
Publius Vergilius Maro (70 B.C. to 19 B.C.), known as Virgil, was born near Mantua in the last days of the Roman Republic. In his comparatively short life, he became the supreme poet of his age, whose major work, the Aeneid, gave Rome a great national epic equal to the Greeks', celebrating the city's origins and the creation of its empire. The first four books of the epic, selected for this edition, tell how the Trojan hero Aeneas escapes from the sacking of Troy and makes his way to Italy. On the voyage, a storm drives him to the coast of Carthage, where the queen, Dido, welcomes him, and under the influence of the gods falls deeply in love with him. From the fall of Troy to the deadly Harpes, Aeneas' epic voyage is filled with tragedy, destruction and omens of danger. As he recounts his adventures to Dido, who gives him sanctuary, they fall in love. But the gods intervene and Aeneas realizes their relationship cannot last.
Joseph Campbell - Myths to Live By
Joseph Campbell famously compared mythology to a kangaroo pouch for the human mind and spirit: "a womb with a view." In Myths to Live By, he examines all of the ways in which myth supports and guides us, giving our lives meaning. Love and war, science and religion, East and West, inner space and outer space-Campbell shows how the myths we live by can reconcile all of these pairs of opposites and bring a sense of the whole. This classic has been newly illustrated and annotated in its first new edition since its original publication, which also marks the first ebook in the Collected Works of Joseph Campbell series. In the tradition of The Power of Myth and Pathways to Bliss, Myths to Live By remains one of Joseph Campbell's most enduring, popular, and accessible works.
T. S. Eliot - The Waste Land / A kopár föld
Éppen száztíz esztendővel ezelőtt, 1888 szeptemberében született a nagy angol költő, T. S. Eliot, és 1997 decemberében volt hetvenöt éve, hogy korszakalkotó költeménye, a _The_ _Waste_ _Land_ megjelent. A magyarban nincsen e költemény kétnyelvű (angol-magyar) kiadása (amilyen például németben van: T. S. Eliot, _Das_ _wüste_ _Land_ - Englisch und deutsch.) Emellett úgy vélem, hogy újrafordításom hűebben adja vissza az eredeti szöveget, mint az eddigi magyarul megjelentek. A költeményben sok angol és más nyelvű idézet van és sok _allusio_ régi és újabb irodalmi művekre. Ezek a magyar olvasóknak nem mindig ismertek, és Eliot a költeményhez írt jegyzeteiben viszonylag ritkán közli az idézetek és az _allusio_-k forrásainak akár csak rövidre fogott tartalmát. Rendszerint csak forráshelyeiket jelöli meg, amelyek ma már csak hosszabb-rövidebb keresés, utánanézés után lelhetők fel. Ezért a fordításomhoz _kibővítettem_ Eliot jegyzeteit a forrásművek rövid ismertetésével eredeti nyelven és magyar fordításban. ___ A fordító
Ismeretlen szerző - Védelmező istenségek és démonok Mongóliában és Tibetben
Az 1996-ban indult sorozat negyedik kötetét tartja kezében az olvasó. Korábbi könyveinkhez hasonlóan, most is a már csaknem két évtizede zajló Magyar-mongol népi műveltség- és nyelvjáráskutató expedíció mongóliai terep- és archívumi kutatásaira épülő tanulmányokból adunk közre néhányat, melyek előadás változata elhangzott a címadó témának szentelt konferencián is. A harmadik kötet (Helyszellemek kultusza Mongóliában) megjelenése óta a terepkutatások során felkeresett területek közé erőteljesebben bevontuk a Mongol Köztársaság keleti és központi, halhák és burjátok lakta vidékeit is. A megelőző évek gyűjtőútjain feljegyzett anyagok feldolgozása folyamatos, s jelen kötetben is ezekből közlünk a korábbiakhoz híven mind a szájhagyományra, mind a kéziratos anyagra támaszkodó elemzéseket. Az expedíciós kutatások mellett a kötet előzménye egy, a Hopp Ferenc Kelet-ázsiai Művészeti Múzeumban megrendezett kiállítás (Démonok és Megmentők: Népi vallásosság a tibeti és mongol buddhizmusban, 2002-2004), amely a tibeti és mongol népi vallásosság vizuális vonatkozásait dolgozta fel. A kiállítás és az időközben megjelent hozzá kapcsolódó katalógus (Démonok és Megmentők: Népi vallásosság a tibeti és mongol buddhizmusban, 2003) különleges, a nemzetközi szakirodalomban is alig publikált anyagokra hívta fel a figyelmet. Ugyanakkor a népi vallásosság számos vonatkozása sem a kiállításon, sem a katalógusban nem volt megjeleníthető. Ezt a hiányt próbálta pótolni a Hopp Ferenc Múzeumban megrendezett konferencia (Démonok és Megmentők, 2004), melyen a tibetológusok és mongolisták a korábbi kiállításhoz és katalógushoz kapcsolódó, ám abból többnyire kimaradt, vagy kevésbé részletezett témákból adtak elő. Kötetünkben többek között e konferencia kibővített előadásainak egy részét is közreadjuk.
Dolf Hartsuiker - Sadhus
Spiritual adventurers, ascetic warriors, religious transvestites or philosophical monks, the Indian Sadhus are worshipped by the Hindus as representatives of the gods. Dolf Hartsuiker has spent many years in intimate study of these mystics, who form a vital and unbroken link between the birth of yoga many millennia ago and the present day. This is a world of ancient rituals, symbols and ascetic practices ranging from meditation and yoga exercises to penance and austerities that are sometimes taken to the extremes of years of self-imposed silence, mortification or even ritual suicide. It is also a lifestyle with a secret language, which may involve celibacy, poverty and solitude, as well as a vocation as healer and teacher - or sorcerer. In this account, the author traces the historical and mythological roots of the Sadhus and examines the substantial differences between the many Sadhu sects. His colour photographs show not only their remarkable, disparate appearance, but, above all, their otherworldly beauty. According to Hindu beliefs, just by looking at these living idols - in the flesh or on the page the onlooker will receive their spiritual energy. Dolf Hartsuiker, artist, psychologist and traveller, divides his time between Utrecht and India. He holds a doctorate in psychology from the University of Utrecht.
Vanamali - Shiva
The traditional understanding of Shiva told through stories and teachings from the Shiva Mahapurana • Explains Shiva’s contradictory forms, such as destroyer or benefactor, and how his form depends on the needs of the devotee • Reveals how Shiva’s teachings allow one to see through the illusions at the root of all grief and alienation in human life • Explores Shiva’s relationships with Durga, Shakti, Sati, and Parvati and with his sons Ganesha and Kartikeya Shiva, the most ancient and complex deity of the Hindu pantheon, has been portrayed in many contrasting lights: destroyer and benefactor, ascetic and householder, wild demon slayer and calm yogi atop Mount Kailash. Drawing from the Hindu sacred text the Shiva Mahapurana--said to be written by Shiva himself--Vanamali selects the essential stories of Shiva, both those from his dark wild side and those from his benevolent peaceful side. Vanamali discusses Shiva’s many avatars such as Shambunatha and Bhola, as well as Dakshinamurti who taught the shastras and tantras to the rishis. She explores Shiva’s relationships with Durga, Shakti, Sati, and Parvati and with his sons Ganesha and Kartikeya. Examining Shiva’s acceptance of outsiders, Vanamali explains why ghosts and ghouls are his attendants and why his greatest devotees are demon kings, like Ravana. She includes famous Shiva stories such as the Descent of the River Ganga and Churning the Milky Ocean as well as those that reveal the origin of the festival of lights, Diwali; his creation of the cosmic couple, or hierogamos; and how Shiva and Parvati taught the world the secrets of Kundalini Shakti. The author also draws upon Shaivite teachings to illustrate the differences between Western science and Vedic science and their explanations for the origins of consciousness. Integrating Shiva’s two sides, the fierce and the peaceful, Vanamali reveals that Shiva’s form depends on the needs of the devotee. Understanding his teachings allows one to see through the illusions at the root of all grief and alienation in human life, for Shiva is the wielder of maya who does not fall under its spell. While Ganesha is known as the remover of obstacles, Shiva is the remover of tears.
Snorri Sturluson - The Prose Edda
Written in Iceland a century after the close of the Viking Age, The Prose Edda is the source of most of what we know of Norse mythology. Its tales are peopled by giants, dwarves, and elves, superhuman heroes and indomitable warrior queens. Its gods live with the tragic knowledge of their own impending destruction in the cataclysmic battle of Ragnarok. Its time scale spans the eons from the world’s creation to its violent end. This robust new translation captures the magisterial sweep and startling psychological complexity of the Old Icelandic original.
F. Scott Fitzgerald - The Great Gatsby
The exemplary novel of the Jazz Age, F. Scott Fitzgeralds' third book, The Great Gatsby (1925), stands as the supreme achievement of his career. T. S. Eliot read it three times and saw it as the "first step" American fiction had taken since Henry James; H. L. Mencken praised "the charm and beauty of the writing," as well as Fitzgerald's sharp social sense; and Thomas Wolfe hailed it as Fitzgerald's "best work" thus far. The story of the fabulously wealthy Jay Gatsby and his love for the beautiful Daisy Buchanan, of lavish parties on Long Island at a time when, The New York Times remarked, "gin was the national drink and sex the national obsession," it is an exquisitely crafted tale of America in the 1920s that resonates with the power of myth. A novel of lyrical beauty yet brutal realism, of magic, romance, and mysticism, The Great Gatsby is one of the great classics of twentieth-century literature.
Yoshiro Tamura - Japanese Buddhism: A Cultural History
Buddhism, founded in India some twenty-five hundred years ago, reached Japan in 538 C.E. Assimilated into Japanese culture and refashioned as Japanese Buddhism, it became one of the most enduring and far-reaching cultural and intellectual forces in Japans's history. The stamp of Japanese Buddhism is unmistikable in the nation's poetry, literature, and art; and the imprint of Japan's indigenous culture is clear in such unique facets of Japanese Buddhism as the amalgamation of pre-Buddhist worship and esoteric Buddhism in the practice of the Shugendo ascetics. Japan's Buddhism and the nation's cultural matrix are so inextricably linked that it is impossible to explicate the one without understanding the other. Thus the present book is both a history of Japanese Buddhism and an introduction to Japan's political, social, and cultural history. It examines Japanese Buddhism in the context of literary and intellectual trends and of other religions, exploring social and intellectual questions that an ordinary history of religion would not address. YOSHIRO TAMURA (1921-89) was one of Japan's most outstanding scholars of Buddhism. At the time of his death, he was a professor at Buddhist studies at Tokyo's Rissho University.
Jane Austen - Pride and Prejudice
The Collector's Library in Colour takes the favourite illustrated titles of The Collector's Library and presents them in full colour. Jane Austen's best-loved novel is a memorable story about the inaccuracy of first impressions, about the power of reason, and above all about the strange dynamics of human relationships and emotions. Here, where Hugh Thomson's delightful period illustrations were originally black-and-white, they have been sensitively coloured by Barbara Frith, one of Britain 's most accomplished colourists. A tour de force of wit and sparkling dialogue, Pride and Prejudice shows how the headstrong Elizabeth Bennett and the aristocratic Mr Darcy must have their pride humbled and their prejudices dissolved before they can acknowledge their love for each other." With an Afterword by Henry Hitchings.
Charles Dickens - David Copperfield (angol)
'Please, Mr Murdstone! Don't beat me! I've tried to team my lessons, really I have, sir!' sobs David. Although he is only eight years old, Mr Murdstone does beat him, and David is so frightened that he bites his cruel stepfather's hand. For that, he is kept locked in his room for five days and nights, and nobody is allowed to speak to him. As David grows up, he learns that life is full of trouble and misery and cruelty. But he also finds laughter and kindness, trust and friendship... and love.
Mark Z. Danielewski - House of Leaves
When Johnny Truant attempts to organize the many fragments of a strange manuscript by a dead blind man, it gains possession of his very soul. The manuscript is a complex commentary on a documentary film (The Navidson Record) about a house that defies all the laws of physics. Navidson's exploration of a seemingly endless, totally dark, and constantly changing labyrinth in the house becomes an examination of truth, perception, and darkness itself. The book interweaves the manuscript with over 400 footnotes to works real and imagined, thus illuminating both the text and Truant's mental disintegration. First novelist Danielewski employs avant-garde page layouts that are occasionally a bit too clever but are generally highly effective. Although it may be consigned to the "horror" genre, this novel is also a psychological thriller, a quest, a literary hoax, a dark comedy, and a work of cultural criticism. It is simultaneously a highly literary work and an absolute hoot. This powerful and extremely original novel is strongly recommended for all public and academic libraries.--Jim Dwyer, California State Univ. Lib., Chico Copyright 2000 Cahners Business Information.
Charles Dickens - A Christmas Carol
This engrossing tale relates Ebenezer Scrooge's ghostly journeys through Christmases past, present, and future and his ultimate transformation from a harsh and grasping old miser to a charitable and compassionate human being. A perennial classic that has become as much a part of the holiday season as holly, mistletoe, and evergreen wreaths.
Victor Hugo - Les Misérables (angol)
Hugo's classic tale set against the backdrop of political upheaval in 19th-century France retains its timeless appeal in this notably condensed rendition of the struggles of former convict Jean Valjean. While the abridgment inevitably cuts many of the intricate subplots and minor characters who enrich Hugo's vast tome, this suspenseful central plot tracing Valjean's endeavor to emerge from desperate circumstances while being pursued by the duty-obsessed Inspector Javert remains intact and comprehensible to listeners. The principal characters retain their epic proportions, and the major themes of redemption through good works and the importance of authentic charity are undiminished. Narrator Michael York adds vigor and distinct characterizations to the broad cast of characters in this fittingly dramatic performance. Suitable for collections that do not already contain one of the many audio versions of this work
F. Scott Fitzgerald - Tender is the Night
To the French Riviera come Dick and Nicole Diver. Handsome, rich and glamorous, their dinners are legendary, their atmosphere magnetic. But something is wrong - Nicole has a secret and Dick a weakness. Together they head towards the rocks on which their lives crash - and only one of them really survives. Fitzgerald worked on seventeen versions of this novel, the obsessions of which consumed his marriage and his life.
Jonathan Swift - Gulliver's Travels
Considered the greatest satire ever written in English, Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels chronicles the fantastic voyages of Lemuel Gulliver, principally to four marvelous realms: Lilliput, where the people are six inches tall; Brobdingnag, a land inhabited by giants; Laputa, a wondrous flying island; and a country where the Houyhnhnms, a race of intelligent horses, are served by savage humanoid creatures called Yahoos. Beneath the surface of this enchanting fantasy lurks a devastating critique of human malevolence, stupidity, greed, vanity, and short-sightedness. A brilliant combination of adventure, humor, and philosophy, Gulliver’s Travels is one of literature’s most durable masterpieces.
Jane Austen - Sense and Sensibility
"I could hardly keep my seat." Spirited and impulsive, Marianne Dashwood is the complete opposite to her controlled and sensible sister, Elinor. When it comes to matters of the heart, Marianne is passionate and romantic and soon falls for the charming, but unreliable Mr Willoughby. Elinor, in contrast, copes stoically with the news that her love, Edward Ferrars is promised to another. It is through their shared experiences of love that both sisters come to learn that the key to a successful match comes from finding the perfect mixture of rationality and feeling.
Charlotte Brontë - Jane Eyre (angol)
The orphaned Jane Eyre has emerged a fiercely independent young woman. As governess at Thornfield Hall, she’s found her first real home—though it stands in the shadow of the estate’s master, Mr. Rochester, and its haunted halls ring with maniacal laughter. For even the grandest houses have secrets. As much a story about defying convention as it is about coming-of-age, Jane Eyre remains one of the most beloved novels in the English language. Both Gothic and Victorian in its influence and scope, it captures one woman’s determination to live life on her own terms—choosing courage over fear, while finding power in love and compassion. Revised edition: Previously published as Jane Eyre, this edition of Jane Eyre (AmazonClassics Edition) includes editorial revisions.
David Foenkinos - Delicacy
Natalie isn't certain of anything anymore. One minute she is happily married, successful in her career, and convinced the future is full of promise. But when her husband is run over by a car, her whole world is turned upside down. Years later, still bruised by grief but desperate to move on with her life, she impulsively kisses her colleague Markus. For Natalie, the kiss is just a gratuitous act. For the awkward, unassuming Markus, it is the moment at which he falls hopelessly, helplessly in love. But how will he ever convince such a beautiful, intelligent but confused young woman that he is the man who can bring her back to life?