The illusion that ethnography is a matter of sorting strange and irregular facts into familiar and orderly categories—this is magic, that is technology—has long since been exploded. What it is instead, however, is less clear. That it might be a kind of writing, putting things to paper, has now and then occurred to those engaged in producing it, consuming it, or both. But the examination of it as such has been impeded by several considerations, none of them very reasonable. One of these, especially weighty among the producers, has been simply that it is an unanthropological sort of thing to do. What a proper ethnographer ought properly to be doing is going out to places, coming back with information about how people live there, and making that information available to the professional community in practical form, not lounging about in libraries reflecting on literary questions. Excessive concern, which in practice usually means any concern at all, with how ethnographic texts are constructed seems like an unhealthy self-absorption—time wasting at best, hypochondriacal at worst. The advantage of shifting at least part of our attention from the fascinations of field work, which have held us so long in thrall, to those of writing is not only that this difficulty will become more clearly understood, but also that we shall learn to read with a more percipient eye. A hundred and fifteen years (if we date our profession, as conventionally, from Tylor) of asseverational prose and literary innocence is long enough.
Clifford Geertz - Local Knowledge
In essays covering everything from art and common sense to charisma and constructions of the self, the eminent cultural anthropologist and author of The Interpretation of Cultures deepens our understanding of human societies through the intimacies of "local knowledge." A companion volume to The Interpretation of Cultures, this book continues Geertz’s exploration of the meaning of culture and the importance of shared cultural symbolism. With a new introduction by the author.
Clifford Geertz - The Interpretation of Cultures
In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.
Hildred Geertz - Clifford Geertz - Kinship in Bali
This work constitutes the first book-length examination of Balinese kinship in English and an important theoretical analysis of the central ethnographic concept of "kinship system." Hildred and Clifford Geertz's findings challenge the prevailing anthropological notion of a kinship system as an autonomous set of institutionalized social relationships. Their research in Bali suggests that kinship cannot be studied in isolation but must be perceived as a symbolic subsystem governed by ideas and beliefs unique to each culture.
Joe Moran - Queuing for Beginners
Why do so many people go on about queuing? Have we always been obsessed with traffic? And why do so many of us now eat lunch at our computers - al desko? We spend our days catching buses and trains, writing emails, shopping, queuing...But we know almost nothing about these activities. Exploring the history of these subjects as they come up during a typical day, starting with eating breakfast and ending with sleeping, Joe Moran tells a story about hidden social and cultural changes in Britain since the Second World War. Drawing on his academic research on everyday life, but writing with wit and lucidity for a popular audience, he shows that we know less about ourselves than we think...
Sharlyn Hidalgo - The Healing Power of Trees
From the birch to the willow, Sharlyn Hidalgo invites you to walk in the footsteps of the druids and enrich your life with the sacred power of trees. This wise and inspiring book will introduce you to all fifteen revered trees of the Celtic Tree Calendar and their unique gifts of healing, guidance, and higher consciousness. Progress through the calendar in sequence or choose a particular month to cultivate a relationship with these majestic spirits of nature. Perform guided meditations and go on journeys to discover the totems, guides, and deities corresponding to each species. Travel through the Wheel of the Year and learn about each tree's astrology, ruling planets, rune symbol, and ogham—its letter of the Celtic tree alphabet. The Healing Power of Trees is your guide to living the principles of the Celtic tradition—tuning in to the rhythms of nature, respecting the land, and fulfilling your role as a steward of the earth. Includes information on all 25 ogham letters, Celtic holidays, and how to conduct a tree-honoring ceremony.
Clifford Geertz - Life Among the Anthros and Other Essays
Clifford Geertz (1926-2006) was perhaps the most influential anthropologist of our time, but his influence extended far beyond his field to encompass all facets of contemporary life. Nowhere were his gifts for directness, humor, and steady revelation more evident than in the pages of the "New York Review of Books," where for nearly four decades he shared his acute vision of the world in all its peculiarity. This book brings together the finest of Geertz's review essays from the "New York Review" along with a representative selection of later pieces written at the height of his powers, some that first appeared in periodicals such as "Dissent," others never before published. This collection exemplifies Geertz's extraordinary range of concerns, beginning with his first essay for the "Review" in 1967, in which he reviews, with muffled hilarity, the anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski. This book includes Geertz's unflinching meditations on Western academia's encounters with the non-Western world, and on the shifting and clashing places of societies in the world generally. Geertz writes eloquently and arrestingly about such major figures as Gandhi, Foucault, and Genet, and on topics as varied as Islam, globalization, feminism, and the failings of nationalism. "Life among the Anthros and Other Essays" demonstrates Geertz's uncommon wisdom and consistently keen and hopeful humor, confirming his status as one of our most important and enduring public intellectuals.
Dougal Dixon - Man After Man
What is our future? Will the human race exist in a 1,000 years time? In 10,000 years? In a 100,000 years time? If so, what will we look like and how will we behave? How will we have developed or adapted, and why? What will be the effect of that change on other animals? At present, Man as a species is outside evolution - supported by an advanced technology that shapes nature to fit the short-term requirements of Homo sapiens. But can old age, illness and the pressure of evolution be held at bay for ever by medicine and science? Dougal Dixon, the bestselling author of After Man, and a science writer specializing in evolution and palaeontology tackles these key questions and presents a vision of the next 5 million years based on the known principles of evolution and ecology, and the possibilities present within genetic engineering. Man After Man is an illustrated anthropology of the future. It shows how the human race might evolve naturally or be adapted to face life under the sea or in space. And how the descendants of Homo sapiens might meet the harsh challenge of a new ice age or the adverse conditions imposed by the greenhouse effect, ozone depletion or magnetic reversal. Dougal Dixon presents a credible account of human evolution in future centuries. Although exotic and thought-provoking, the illustrations are biologically accurate and strictly within the bounds of the genetically and scientifically possible.
Edward W. Said - Orientalism
In this highly acclaimed seminal work, Edward Said surveys the history and nature of Western attitudes towards the East, considering Orientalism as a powerful European ideological creation – a way for writers, philosophers and colonial administrators to deal with the ‘otherness’ of Eastern culture, customs and beliefs. He traces this view through the writings of Homer, Nerval and Flaubert, Disraeli and Kipling, whose imaginative depictions have greatly contributed to the West’s romantic and exotic picture of the Orient. In his new preface, Said examines the effect of continuing Western imperialism after recent events in Palestine, Afghanistan and Iraq.
Carl Waldman - Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes
Encyclopedia of Native American Indians is a comprehensive, accessible guide to more than 150 North American Indian nations. Organized alphabetically by tribe or group, the book summarizes the historical record--such as locations, migrations, contacts with non-Indians, wars--and includes present-day tribal status. Readers will get a brief look at traditional Indian lifeways, including language, families, clothing, houses, boats, tools, arts, legends, and rituals. This revised edition features: Important developments in Indian political issues and cultural affairs Increased coverage of prehistoric Indians as well as Mesoamerican civilizations Emerging casinos in the 1990s, such as Foxwoods in the Pequot reservation in Connecticut Recent activism, such as demonstrations at Plymouth, Massachusetts and the blockade at the Oka and Kahnawake reserves near Montreal. The use of native names again by certain tribes, such as the Inuit, rather than those applied by non-Indians. From School Library Journal Grade 5 Up-A splendid revision. While not exhaustive, this volume provides an examination of more than 150 groups of Native American peoples. The alphabetically arranged entries vary in length from a few paragraphs to several pages. The content has been updated to reflect both new information about the past and current issues, and the language has been significantly modified to reflect more contemporary sensibilities and to make the text more readable. The colorful drawings, almost exact duplicates of those in the 1988 edition, are mostly of artifacts, structures, or costumes and serve nicely to clarify descriptions. The brightness and color have been enhanced, adding luster to the overall look of the book. Maps provide a frame of reference for the articles on major cultural groups. All libraries, including those that own other titles on the subject, should give serious consideration to this valuable work. Linda Greengrass, Bank Street College Library, New York City Copyright 2000 Reed Business Information, Inc. From Library Journal The traditional lifestyles and customs of individual North American tribes and their history after contact with encroaching whites are topics discussed in alphabetical entries ranging from Abenaki to Zuni. Cross-referenced segments on cultural areas, i.e., Northeast, supplement the information given under individual tribal headings. Sections on prehistory, Mayas, Aztecs, and Olmecs are included. Entries contain a lot of information but are often chatty, rambling discussions that stray from the topic. The work does not go significantly beyond Barbara Leitch's A Concise Dictionary of Indian Tribes of North America (LJ 4/1/80). Recommended for public libraries lacking Leitch.Mary B. Davis, Museum of the American Indian Lib., New York Copyright 1987 Reed Business Information, Inc.
Carl Waldman - Atlas of the North American Indian
This unique resource covers the entire history, culture, tribal locations, languages, and lifeways of Native American groups across the United States, Canada, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Thoroughly updated throughout, Atlas of the North American Indian combines clear and informative text with newly drawn maps to provide the most up-to-date political and cultural developments in Indian affairs, as well as the latest archaeological research findings on prehistoric peoples. The new edition features several revised and updated sections, such as "Self-Determination," "The Federal and Indian Trust Relationship and the Reservation System," "Urban Indians," "Indian Social Conditions,"and "Indian Cultural Renewal." Other updated information includes: a revised section on Canada, including Nunavut, the first new Canadian territory created since 1949, with a population that is 85% Inuit; the latest statistics and new federal laws on tribal enterprises, including a new section on "Indian Gaming"; and current information on preferred names now in use by certain tribes and groups, such as the use of "Inuit" rather than "Eskimo."
Henry David Thoreau - Walden (angol)
Walden (first published as Walden; or, Life in the Woods) by Henry David Thoreau is one of the best-known non-fiction books written by an American. Published in 1854, it details Thoreau's sojourn in a cabin near Walden Pond, amidst woodland owned by his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson, near Concord, Massachusetts. Thoreau lived at Walden for two years, two months, and two days, but Walden was written so that the stay appears to be a year, with expressed seasonal divisions. Thoreau did not intend to live as a hermit, for he received visitors and returned their visits. Instead, he hoped to isolate himself from society in order to gain a more objective understanding of it. Simplicity and self-reliance were Thoreau's other goals, and the whole project was inspired by transcendentalist philosophy. As Thoreau made clear in the book, his cabin was not in wilderness but at the edge of town, not far from his family home.
Miriam Fields-Babineau - A kutyakiképzés alapjai
Társalogjon sikeresen a kutyájával, és meglátja, hamarosan azt fogja tenni, amit kér. Akár szobatisztaságra, követésre, ülésre megtanítja, akár azt szeretné, hogy odajöjjön, játsszon vagy trükköket mutasson be, ebben a könyvben megtalálja majd a megfelelő kiképzési módszereket. A gyors és hosszan tartó eredményesség kulcsa a dicséret, nem pedig a kutya játékokkal vagy jutalom falatkákkal történő elkényeztetése. Tanulja meg hatékonyan alkalmazni beszédét és testbeszédét, és sajátítsa el a kutya testbeszédét is. Lelje örömét abban, hogy feltárja kedvence különleges személyiségét, érvelőkészségét és humorérzékét. Ez a színes útmutató mindemellett számos egyéb tudnivalót tartogat a kutya- és kölyökgondozástól, a ketreces kiképzéstől és ápolástól a testmozgáson át egészen a kutya társas fejlődéséig. Különleges meglepetésként táblázataink segítségével 75 kutyafajta eltérő ápolási és mozgásigényét tárjuk fel önöknek. Próbálja ki ön is ezt a könnyen használható és teljességre törekvő útmutatót. Kezdje az újszülött kutyusok gondozásáról szóló ötletek olvasásával, majd térjen át a mintegy nyolchetes szabályozott kiképzési programra, ami előkészíti kutyáját az egész életen át tartó tanulásra. S ami a legnagyszerűbb, hogy kutyájának kiképzését gyakorlatilag bármely életkorban elkezdheti, mert - félretéve a régi mondást - nem igaz az, hogy "öreg kutyának nem lehet új trükköt tanítani". Miriam Fields-Babineau állatkiképző szakember, valamint a Training Unlimited nevű cég tulajdonosa, amely bemutatókra képezi ki az állatokat, tulajdonosaikat pedig arra tanítja, miként kell kedvenceiket megmutatni másoknak. Az írónő számos televíziós és rádiós műsor meghívott vendégeként ismert, írásai pedig országszerte újságok és képes folyóiratok oldalain jelentek meg. Miriam családjával, két kutyájával, két macskájával és lovával Virginiában él.
Adolf Hitler - Mein Kampf
A Mein Kampf (Harcom) Adolf Hitler nemzetiszocialista vezető egyetlen, még az életében kiadott könyve, melyet landsbergi fogsága idején kezdett el írni, miután 1923-ban az ún. sörpuccsban való részvételéért börtönbe zárták. A könyvben áttekintette addigi pályafutását és megfogalmazta világnézetét, valamint politikai programját. A mű a nácizmus ideológiai alapvetése lett. Hitler magát a könyvben nem politikusnak, hanem programadónak (Programmatiker) ábrázolta. Eszerint „a programadó feladata nem az, hogy az ügy teljesíthetőségének különböző fokait megállapítsa, hanem, hogy az ügyet mint olyan megvilágítsa: másként szólva: kevésbé kell törődnie az úttal, mint a céllal.” Továbbá: „[a programadó] jelentősége csaknem mindig csupán a jövőben mutatkozik meg, mivel ő nemritkán az, akit „világidegen” szóval illetnek. Mert ha a politikus művészete valóban megfelel a lehetséges művészetének, a programadó azokhoz tartozik, akikre áll, hogy az isteneknek csak úgy tetszenek, ha a lehetetlent követelik és akarják.” Hitler ezzel az írással egy átfogó elméletet kívánt a nép elé állítani a marxizmus ellenében. Emellett úgy kívánta bemutatni addigi pályáját, mint ami pártja és az egész nép ideális vezetőjévé teszi őt a zsidóság, mint közös ellenség elleni összefogásban. Megerősítette az NSDAP 25 pontos programjának érvényességét. Megállapította, hogy a nemzeti szocializmus egyik elődjének számító Völkisch mozgalom sikertelen maradt és ideje lejárt; ezzel szemben az NSDAP modern, céltudatos gyűjtőmozgalommá vált, amely sikerrel tömörítheti a weimari köztársaság nacionalista és antidemokratikus erőit.
Ismeretlen szerző - Native Religions and Cultures of North America
This volume contains insightful essays on significant spiritual moments in eight different Native American cultures: Absaroke/Crow, Creek/Muskogee, Lakota, Mescalero Apache Navajo, Tlingit, Yup'ik, and Yurok.
Clifford Geertz - Agricultural Involution
"A valuable and important study...in which source materials from history, economics, soil science, geography and other fields are brilliantly marshalled and interrelated. But besides being an exemplary study in the interaction of history, physical environment and agricultural technology, this book represents a watershed between narrowly conceived ethnographies and the flood of verbose and ill digested post-war 'technology-and-social-change' monographs that are wont to aim high and hit wide...A model of comparative analytical writing."—Man
Clifford Geertz - Available Light
Clifford Geertz, one of the most influential thinkers of our time, here discusses some of the most urgent issues facing intellectuals today. In this collection of personal and revealing essays, he explores the nature of his anthropological work in relation to a broader public, serving as the foremost spokesperson of his generation of scholars, those who came of age after World War II. His reflections are written in a style that both entertains and disconcerts, as they engage us in topics ranging from moral relativism to the relationship between cultural and psychological differences, from the diversity and tension among activist faiths to "ethnic conflict" in today's politics. Geertz, who once considered a career in philosophy, begins by explaining how he got swept into the revolutionary movement of symbolic anthropology. At that point, his work began to encompass not only the ethnography of groups in Southeast Asia and North Africa, but also the study of how meaning is made in all cultures--or, to use his phrase, to explore the "frames of meaning" in which people everywhere live out their lives. His philosophical orientation helped him to establish the role of anthropology within broader intellectual circles and led him to address the work of such leading thinkers as Charles Taylor, Thomas Kuhn, William James, and Jerome Bruner. In this volume, Geertz comments on their work as he explores questions in political philosophy, psychology, and religion that have intrigued him throughout his career but that now hold particular relevance in light of postmodernist thinking and multiculturalism. "Available Light" offers insightful discussions of concepts such as nation, identity, country, and self, with a reminder that like symbols in general, their meanings are not categorically fixed but grow and change through time and place. This book treats the reader to an analysis of the American intellectual climate by someone who did much to shape it. One can read Available Light both for its revelation of public culture in its dynamic, evolving forms and for the story it tells about the remarkable adventures of an innovator during the "golden years" of American academia.
James Redfield - The Celestine Prophecy
You have never read a book like this before..."The Celestine Prophecy" contains secrets that are currently changing our world. Drawing on the ancient wisdom found in a Peruvian manuscript, it tells you how to make connections between the events happening in your own life right now...and lets you see what is going to happen to you in the years to come. The story it tells is a gripping one of adventure and discovery, but it is also a guidebook that has the power to crystalize your perceptions of why you are where you are in life...and to direct your steps with a new energy and optimism as you head into tomorrow. It is a book that comes along just once in a lifetime to change lives forever.
Eli Pariser - The Filter Bubble
In December 2009, Google began customizing its search results for all users, and we entered a new era of personalization. With little notice or fanfare, our online experience is changing, as the websites we visit are increasingly tailoring themselves to us. In this engaging and visionary book, MoveOn.org board president Eli Pariser lays bare the personalization that is already taking place on every major website, from Facebook to AOL to ABC News. As Pariser reveals, this new trend is nothing short of an invisible revolution in how we consume information, one that will shape how we learn, what we know, and even how our democracy works. The race to collect as much personal data about us as possible, and to tailor our online experience accordingly, is now the defining battle for today’s internet giants like Google, Facebook, Apple and Microsoft. Behind the scenes, a burgeoning industry of data companies is tracking our personal information to sell to advertisers, from our political leanings to the hiking boots we just browsed on Zappos. As a result, we will increasingly each live in our own, unique information universe—what Pariser calls “the filter bubble.” We will receive mainly news that is pleasant, familiar and confirms our beliefs—and since these filters are invisible, we won’t know what is being hidden from us. Our past interests will determine what we are exposed to in the future, leaving less room for the unexpected encounters that spark creativity, innovation and the democratic exchange of ideas. Drawing on interviews with both cyber-skeptics and cyber-optimists, from the co-founder of OK Cupid, an algorithmically-driven dating website, to one of the chief visionaries of U.S. information warfare, THE FILTER BUBBLE tells the story of how the Internet, a medium built around the open flow of ideas, is closing in on itself under the pressure of commerce and “monetization.” It peeks behind the curtain at the server farms, algorithms, and geeky entrepreneurs that have given us this new reality, and investigates the consequences of corporate power in the digital age. THE FILTER BUBBLE reveals how personalization could undermine the internet’s original purpose as an open platform for the spread of ideas, and leave us all in an isolated, echoing world. But it is not too late to change course. Pariser lays out a new vision for the web, one that embraces the benefits of technology without turning a blind eye to its negative consequences, and will ensure that the Internet lives up to its transformative promise.
Shunryu Suzuki - Zen Mind, Beginner's Mind
A respected Zen master in Japan & founder of the San Francisco Zen Center, Shunryu Suzuki has blazed a path in American Buddhism like few others. He is the master who climbs down from the pages of the koan books & answers your questions face to face. If not face to face, you can at least find the answers as recorded in Zen Mind, Beginner's Mind, a transcription of juicy excerpts from his lectures. From diverse topics such as transience of the world, sudden enlightenment, & the nuts & bolts of meditation, Suzuki always returns to the idea of beginner's mind, a recognition that our original nature is our true nature. With beginner's mind, we dedicate ourselves to sincere practice, without the thought of gaining anything special. Day to day life becomes our Zen training, & we discover that "to study Buddhism is to study ourselves." & to know our true selves is to be enlightened.--Brian Bruya