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'evolúcióbiológia' címkével ellátott könyvek a rukkolán

 


Jared Diamond - Háborúk, ​járványok, technikák
A ​„háborúk járványok technikák” a világtörténelem alapvető kérdésére keresi a választ: „miért az európai civilizáció hódította meg a világot, miért nem másként történt ez?” Így is fogalmazhatunk: Miért Pisaro maroknyi csapata győzte le Atahualpa inka fejedelmet és hatalmas hadseregét, miért nem ő kényszerítette térdre I. Károly spanyol királyt (és egyben Német-Római császárt)? Vagy ahogy az új-guineai Yali – a szerző barátja – vetette fel: Miért van az, hogy ti fehérek olyan sok árut termeltetek és hoztatok Új-Guineába, míg nekünk feketéknek, oly kevés saját árunk van? A provokatív kérdésekre rendhagyó, nagyívű válasz születik, nemcsak a történelem, hanem a földrajz, a biológia, a régészet, a nyelvészet, a járványtan és antropológia, valamint a tudomány- és technikatörténet alapján, mintegy 13 ezer éves időskálán mozogva új összefüggések rajzolódtak ki.

Samantha Weinberg - A ​Fish Caught in Time
Just ​before Christmas in 1938, the young woman curator of a small South African museum spotted a strange-looking fish on a trawler's deck. It was five feet long, with steel-blue scales, luminescent eyes and remarkable limb-like fins, unlike those of any fish she had ever seen. Determined to preserve her unusual find, she searched for days for a way to save it, but ended up with only the skin and a few bones. A charismatic amateur ichthyologist, J.L.B. Smith, saw a thumbnail sketch of the fish and was thunderstruck. He recognized it as a coelacanth (pronounced see-la-kanth), a creature known from fossils dating back 400 million years and thought to have died out with the dinosaurs. With its extraordinary limbs, the coelacanth was believed to be the first fish to crawl from the sea and evolve into reptiles, mammals and eventually mankind. The discovery was immediately dubbed the "greatest scientific find of the century." Smith devoted his life to the search for a complete specimen, a fourteen-year odyssey that culminated in a dramatic act of international piracy. As the fame of the coelacanth spread, so did rumors and obsessions. Nations fought over it, multimillion-dollar expeditions were launched, and submarines hand-built to find it. In 1998, the rumors and the truth came together in a gripping climax, which brought the coelacanth back into the international limelight. A Fish Caught in Time is the entrancing story of the most rare and precious fish in the world--our own great uncle forty million times removed.

Yuval Noah Harari - Sapiens
A ​tűz tett minket veszedelmessé. A pletyka együttműködővé. A mezőgazdaság még éhesebbé. A mitológia tartotta fenn a törvényt és a rendet. A pénz adott valamit, amiben mind bízhatunk. Az ellentmondások teremtették meg a kultúrát. A tudomány tett minket a teremtés urává. De egyik sem tett boldoggá... A világhírű jeruzsálemi egyetemi tanár szerint így foglalható össze annak története, ahogyan jelentéktelen majmokból a világ uraivá váltunk.

Yuval Noah Harari - Sapiens ​(angol)
One ​hundred thousand years ago, at least six human species inhabited the earth. Today there is just one. Us. Homo sapiens. How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? How did we come to believe in gods, nations, and human rights; to trust money, books, and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? And what will our world be like in the millennia to come? In Sapiens, Professor Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history, from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical and sometimes devastating breakthroughs of the Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific Revolutions. Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, paleontology, and economics, and incorporating full-color illustrations throughout the text, he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our personalities. Have we become happier as history has unfolded? Can we ever free our behavior from the legacy of our ancestors? And what, if anything, can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come?

Zoltan Torey - The ​Conscious Mind
How ​did the human mind emerge from the collection of neurons that makes up the brain? How did the brain acquire self-awareness, functional autonomy, language, and the ability to think, to understand itself and the world? In this volume in the Essential Knowledge series, Zoltan Torey offers an accessible and concise description of the evolutionary breakthrough that created the human mind. Drawing on insights from evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and linguistics, Torey reconstructs the sequence of events by which "Homo erectus" became "Homo sapiens." He describes the augmented functioning that underpins the emergent mind -- a new ("off-line") internal response system with which the brain accesses itself and then forms a selection mechanism for mentally generated behavior options. This functional breakthrough, Torey argues, explains how the animal brain's "awareness" became self-accessible and reflective -- that is, how the human brain acquired a conscious mind. Consciousness, unlike animal awareness, is not a unitary phenomenon but a composite process. Torey's account shows how protolanguage evolved into language, how a brain subsystem for the emergent mind was built, and why these developments are opaque to introspection. We experience the brain's functional autonomy, he argues, as free will. Torey proposes that once life began, consciousness had to emerge -- because consciousness is the informational source of the brain's behavioral response. Consciousness, he argues, is not a newly acquired "quality," "cosmic principle," "circuitry arrangement," or "epiphenomenon," as others have argued, but an indispensable working component of the living system's manner of functioning.

Jerry Fodor - What ​Darwin Got Wrong
What ​Darwin Got Wrong is a remarkable book, one that dares to challenge the theory of natural selection as an explanation for how evolution works--a devastating critique not in the name of religion but in the name of good science. Combining the results of cutting-edge work in experimental biology with crystal-clear philosophical arguments, Fodor and Piattelli-Palmarini mount a reasoned and convincing assault on the central tenets of Darwin's account of the origin of species. This is a concise argument that will transform the debate about evolution and move us beyond the false dilemma of being either for natural selection or against science.

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